The Fraxel Laser, is a fractional CO2 laser. It works by penetrating laser beam that is tiny and microscopic. These tiny beams burrow lots of tiny laser column to reach the dermis. On its path, it burn and vaporize away that tiny columns of holes to become a tiny wound. These tiny wound heals from the surrounding healthy skin and heals fast. That is why it get its name as sub ablative resurfacing of skin. The tiny wound also provoke the wound healing through body’s own natural wound healing response. The healing stimulates the collagen & elastin formation and remodelling resulting into a renewed skin. This renewed skin is smoother in texture, brighter in tone free of blemishes.
Fraxel is a skin resurfacing laser used to treat:
There are two types of carbon dioxide, CO2, laser treatments have been available for cosmetic treatments: ablative and non-ablative.
Firstly, the typical ablative treatments, which use a high temperature to vaporize all unwanted surface tissue, can be effective. However, it comes with significant side effects and several weeks of recovery time. I myself went through the ultrapulse CO2 ablative laser treatment. The total downtime was 2 years. It has 6 months of intense erythema and 18 months of severe PIH.
Secondly, is the Non-ablative treatments. This have very few side effects and less downtime, but usually require numerous treatments to produce more modest results. The surrounding normal non ablated tissue quickly helps to heal.
The Fraxel laser treatment delivers the potency of both the ablative treatments with the gentle safety of non-ablative lasers. In this case, you get the best of both worlds, a dramatic results and less downtime at the same time.
There are three main types of Fraxel laser which fall into two categories:
This intensively treats older skin cells whilst leaving the skin’s protective barrier intact, resulting in less downtime.
Treatment session requirement
Clinical studies and experience suggest that on average a course of 3-5 sessions are usually needed for best results. Results are immediate and progressive. The optimal improvement in result usually is visible in two to three months. 3 months is the usual time frame for complete healing and the production of new collagen and elastin to replace damaged tissue.
Fraxel re:pair treatment uses a high-intensity carbon dioxide (CO2) laser to vaporize unwanted tissue. With the use of pioneered fractional technology, the treatment delivers dramatic results with significantly faster recovery time. This is in comparison to the traditional carbon-dioxide laser treatments.
Results are achieved in one to two treatments and wound care recovery time is generally longer than other Fraxel treatments.
Regardless of which of the laser treatments you decide to have, topical anesthetic cream is applied on the skin for one hour before treatment. The treatment takes approximately 30 minutes depending on the area being treated.
Most patients describe an increased sensation of heat during the treatment, and there may be some discomfort. The treated skin will immediately be red, puffy or swollen. There will be swelling, peeling, scaling for up to seven days after the treatment. Rarely there may be some bruising. However, the severity of downtime depends on the treatment parameters used, area and type of skin being treated and this will also vary from person to person.